The Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005
Introduction

Several rights have guaranteed to the children in the Constitution of India, such as equality before law, free and compulsory law, free and compulsory primary education to the children of the age group of six to fourteen years, prohibition of trafficking and forced labour of children and prohibition of employment of children below the age of fourteen years in factories, mines or hazardous occupation. The Constitution enables the State Governments to make special provisions for children and directs that the policy of the State shall be such that their tender age is not abused. The Government is committed to give children opportunities and facilities to develop in healthy atmosphere with required freedom and dignity, and to ensure that their constitutional and legal rights are protected. Many social scientists and non-governmental organizations have emphasized the need for a National Commission to project the Rights of children. Accordingly Government has decided to set up the National Commission for better protection of their rights. In order to implement the decision of the Government the CPCR Bill was introduced in the Parliament.
The CPCR Bill, 2005 was passed by the Lok Sabha on 21st December, 2005, by the Rajya Sabha on 22nd December, 2005, and received the assent of the President on 20th January, 2006.

Objects and Reasons

  1. India has the largest child population in the world. Well being of children is a universal aspiration. The Constitution of India guarantees several rights to the children including equality before law, free and compulsory primary education to all children of the age group of six to fourteen years, prohibition of trafficking and forced labour of children and prohibitions of employment of children below the age of fourteen years in factories, mines or hazardous occupations. The Constitution enables the State to make special provisions for children and directs that the policy of the State shall be such that their tender age is not abused. The Government is committed to give children opportunities and facilities to develop in healthy atmosphere with required freedom and dignity, and to ensure that their constitutional and legal rights are protected.
  2. In view of the national and international developments and concern for the children, the need for a National Commission to protect the rights of children has been articulated by many social scientists and non-governmental organizations. This Government has, accordingly, decided to set up the National Commission for better protection of children’s rights.
  3. It is proposed to make enabling provisions in the Bill authorizing the State Governments to set up the State Commissions for Protection of Child Rights in their respective States on the lines of the said Commission.

The functions of the Commissions, inter alia, shall be… (Please go to ‘Functions’ page).

Click here to View Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005

Amendment to CPCR Act

Click here to View Amendment to Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005


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Last Updated : 24 Jun,2014